Foreign Policy

Foreign Policy

As a small island state Maldives plays a unique role in global affairs. Since its Independence in 1965, Maldives has developed robust relationships with a wide variety of states, international institutions and nongovernmental organisations and taken a lead role in international negotiations on issues that are Maldives and other small island states are most vulnerable to, such as climate change and environmental protection, promotion of democracy and human rights.

Maldives foreign policy is founded upon pursuing the key national interests of national development, international peace and security, promoting human rights and upholding the principles of the UN Charter. Accordingly, Maldives is party to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and numerous conventions promoting international trade and development, peace, environmental protection, health, and human rights.


The Three-Pillars Structure of the Foreign Policy of the Maldives


Climate change

The Maldives has taken a leading role in international negotiations on climate change and environmental protection. The country also relies on sustainable practices; it established the Baa Atoll UNESCO Biosphere Reserve and it is committed to become a carbon neutral country.

Human Rights

A sworn promoter of human rights, the Maldives has been a member of the Human Rights Council for two consecutive terms. In the various organisations it is involved in, the Maldives has been raising awareness over the enjoyment of human rights in smaller island developing states.

Good governance

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Current Foreign Policy


To strive to make Maldivians proud by making the country a resilient nation


To increase opportunities for the economic advancement of Maldivians and to promote the national interests of the Maldives through innovative approaches


  1. Sovereign equality of States in accordance with international law
  2. A rule-based and inclusive international system
  3. Non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries
  4. The supremacy of diplomacy in managing and resolving global problems
  5. Friendship with all countries based on mutual respect


  1. Enhance the security and national sovereignty of the Maldives through increased bilateral and multilateral engagement
  2. Protect the Islamic identity of the Maldives and help to promote the values of Islam internationally
  3. Increase the economic resilience of the Maldives
  4. Promote greater regional cooperation in South Asia
  5. Provide quality consular services for Maldivians
  6. Promote efficiency and professionalism in the service

Global presence

Maldives retains diplomatic relations with 135 countries, and maintains 13 resident missions in Bangladesh, China, the European Union, India, Japan, Malaysia, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, the United Nations (Geneva), the United Nations (New York) and the United Kingdom.

Following Independence, Maldives joined the United Nations (UN) in 1965 and became a founding member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) in 1985. Maldives later became a member of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) in 1995, the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) in 2005 and the International Labor Organization (ILO) in 2009. Currently, Maldives is a member of 63 international organizations.

Furthermore, in recent years Maldives has taken lead role in promoting regional collaboration and security in South Asia by hosting the SARRC summit in 2011 and served as  Secretary-General of SAARC, with H.E. Mr Ahmed Saleem from 2011 until 2014.


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